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UNIVERSE LODGE No.705 G.R.C.

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THE SCOTTISH RITE


The Scottish Rite is one of two major bodies or "Rites" of extended Masonry enabling the Craft Lodge Freemason to continue his search for Masonic Light, fully recognizing that pure Freemasonry consists of but three degrees, that of Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft and Master Mason and no additional degree has a higher value than that of Master Mason (third degree). It is a Masonic fraternal organization dedicated to the benefit of society through improvement of the individual. By morality lessons and peer association, it promotes behaviors which civilize the man and strengthen his society. This is consistent with the Craft Lodge lessons which teach a man to be a better husband, father, son, neighbor, churchgoer and citizen.

Scottish Rite Free Masonry in Canada has three coordinate bodies:

  • Lodge of Perfection (4th to 14th degrees)
  • Chapter of Rose Croix (15th to 18th degrees
  • Consistory (19th to the 32nd degrees)

The local Scottish Rite organization is called a "Valley". These bodies each have ritual and conduct meetings. The business affairs of all Bodies of the Scottish Rite are conducted in the Lodge of Perfection. The Scottish Rite is hierarchical in its polity and oaths of loyalty are required to the Orderís national leaders.

Scottish Rite Masons have several charities, among them the support of their 122 Childhood Learning Disorders Clinics, Centers, and Programs and their hospitals in Dallas, Texas, and Atlanta, Georgia, treating children with orthopedic, neurological, and learning disabilities. All bodies practice local charity and usually sponsor educational scholarships.

The Scottish Rite Degrees give us a sense of historical values and standards. "Today is the child of yesterday" and no one can understand the significance of the epochal events that are shaking the world unless he sees them from the vantage point of history. Out of the crises of the past, man has discovered principles that are as solid as the mountains, as enduring as the stars. The moral truths that prevail in Jerusalem, Athens and Rome are just as valid, just as imperative in the roaring twentieth century. In his confidence in the reality of these principles he has built his faith in the permanent value of moral truth. Here is to be found the basis of optimism, of faith in the free institutions and a civilization resting on ethical principles. No Man can witness the degrees of the Scottish Rite and be either a cynic or a pessimist. They renew his faith in God, in man, in the process of history.

The Scottish Rite Degrees put into picturesque but explicit language the civic and social ideals implicit in the Craft Lodge Degrees. For centuries, Freemasonry has been a tremendous force for enlightenment, freedom, and social progress in Europe and in the Americas. It was neither caprice nor mere prejudice that caused the Nazis and Fascists to proscribe Freemasonry. Why did the Nazi oppressors hate Masonry? Why did they violate the sacred emblems of the Craft? Why did they hunt down with ruthless cruelty our Masonic leaders? Particularly, why did the totalitarians persecute Masons of all Degrees? They knew that tyranny is threatened wherever a Masonic Lodge or Temple exists.

In European Scottish Rite bodies, attainment of each "degree" may take months or years while in the United States and Canada, all degrees from 4th through 32nd are often conferred simply by attending one or two special weekend "convocations".

There are several theories as to the origin of the Scottish Rite, but, as Masonry evolved in France in the second quarter of the 18th century, numerous degrees were added to the two, and later three, degrees conferred in English Craft Masonry. Lodges in France conferring these "additional degrees" appear to have been frequented by gentlemen, mainly Scots, "Jacobites", who were adherents of the Stuarts and who were planning for their restoration to the throne of England. Hence these lodges became known as Ecossais or Scottish lodges. Lodges of this Rite were transmitted from France through the West Indies to America and established in 1763 at New Orleans, Louisiana. In 1860 Albert Pike published his revised Rituals from the 4th to the 32nd degree, as used today.

The purpose of the Scottish Rite, simply stated, is to seek that which is the most worth in the world;

  • to exalt the dignity of every person, the human side of our daily activities, and the maximum service to humanity;
  • to aid mankind's search in God's universe for identity, for development and for destiny, and thereby achieve better men in a better world, happier men in a happier world and wiser men in a wiser world.

The whole of Canada constitutes a single Scottish Rite jurisdiction with some 27,000 members. In Canada the term "Scottish Rite" is a short form for "The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry of Canada".

Application for membership in the Scottish Rite is open to members in good standing in any recognized Craft Lodge who are Master Masons. Continued membership in a Craft Lodge is required to maintain good standing in the Scottish Rite.

For more detailed information about The Scottish Rite, please click on

The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry of Canada



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